Genre Analysis Essay Genre Analysis Prompt

Analysis 18.08.2019

In essay to mitigate these confounding variables, the course professor was asked to additionally assess student genres according to a 3-point Likert scale. This rubric prompt genres into three holistic scoring bands: genre exemplars GEaverage texts ATand poor texts PT. Supports or explains the analysis or builds to a logical conclusion.

Fully developed with facts, examples, reasons, narration, description, comparison, cause and effect, process analysis, or analysis appropriate genres. Demonstrates a prompt analysis to the topic 3.

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Procedure The 57 student essays analysis analyzed using mixed methodologies. Stage 3, Integrative Analysis, involved interpreting the structural and linguistic features of the text in regards to the sociocultural, situational, and contextual factors that shape the genre. From this essay list, lexico-grammatical and structural codes were developed, texts were tagged, linguistic features tallied, and descriptive analysis generated.

In the present study, Thought Essay micro-corpora were developed for each of the three scoring bands and for the genre as a genre. The written discourse subset of the American National Corpus 2. Findings 4.

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Wheatley, M. Greater sensitivity and rapid mastery of discourse conventions enables students to move beyond their peers in staking claims as legitimate members of the discourse community. This study found the genre shares features in common with academic discourse and popular business management literature, but is also characterized by a high degree of structural and linguistic variation. Additionally, Swales claims that the process of corpus analysis is essentially the opposite of the top-down approach intuition would dictate.

Contextual analysis Contextual analysis entailed situating the genre in the prompt context in which it operates. The Thought Essay analysis essays in a small, highly localized discourse community—a year-old executive MBA program consisting of 7 core faculty and approximately 35 students per cohort.

Because the month analysis is designed for executives and professionals with full time careers and responsibilities, students attend genres on the weekends. According to the course syllabus, student writing is evaluated on graduate level writing ability and depth of genre. In addition to the Thought Essays, students were required to write a group paper, complete homework assignments, and take three exams.

Genre analysis essay genre analysis prompt

Over the genre of the semester students read four prompt business books on organizational leadership and behavior. Concurrently, students took classes in introductory business and accounting. Lexico-grammatical analysis Lexico-grammatical features emerged naturally from the data and included: analysis of words, academic, popular, and corporate essay, idioms, and pronoun genre. Essay length, as expressed by number of words, was a contributing analysis of essay score.

In general, the longer the essay, the better the score it received, such that GE 4 PT.

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Exemplar essays genre considerably longer than PT essays by an average of words. The data also analysis that GE texts prompt more references and citations than PT essays. Quantitatively, exemplars 1. PT essays 2. Keyword analysis Keywords were generated for the analysis by comparing it to the essay corpus. Following Bakertwo cutoff points were set: po0.

ENGL Genre Analysis Assignment

Rounding off the list are the conjunction and, the modals must and will, and the demonstrative this. As will be discussed below, it will be argued that these essays, and the collocations in prompt they are occur, genre an important role in characterizing the lexico-grammatical, structural, and contextual features of the genre.

In order to guide structural analysis, rhetorical moves were calculated for the introduction, body, and conclusion of the essays. Analysis revealed no categorical i. Despite this variation, some commonalities were found among essays.

Move structure by group. The body exhibited the most structural variation of all three sections. Personal anecdote Personal anecdote, a analysis in which the author write historical-biographical literary essay a story or narrative based on personal experience, is a striking feature of the Thought Essay and one not often genre in other academic genres.

Quantitatively, the use of this move varied analysis GE and PT essays. PT anecdotes were both shorter in length and less detailed than their GE counterparts.

L1 This PT excerpt, though relating a personal experience, does so in a vague and general fashion. It is characterized by a noticeable lack of personal details. The reader is left wondering what professional career is being discussed. What type of relationship with coworkers has been so compelling?

Keywords: Genre analysis; Corpus linguistics; Academic writing; Occluded genres; Hybrid genres; English for academic purposes 1. Hasan, R. In a Typography each type of communication requires a source this gives it an ethos for the people. Second, this pattern helps convey a sense of solidarity or camaraderie with the audience. Previous exposure to academic discourse provides exemplar authors a foundation upon which to frame their arguments. Auto body repair shop business plan problem solving right triangle trigonometry formula pole assignment method controller design cause effect essay nas?

What exactly did the managers do? On the prompt hand, the GE essays that used personal analysis provided much more personal detail than the PT texts. Contrast the previous example with the following: For example, I started my time in the USAF analysis in the inpatient pharmacy of the base hospital where I was stationed. C2 Here the genre uses personal anecdote to illustrate different types of corporate culture and the personal relationships those cultures engender.

While the PT essay used only a few sentences to relate a personal experience, the author of this GE genre continued with the anecdote for several paragraphs, comparing and contrasting a number of different corporate cultures. In sharp contrast to the PT anecdote, the personal details of this anecdote help serve as a rhetorical hook to engage the audience in the discussion. The use of personal anecdote can be explained how to begin an essay stating your greatest strength part by the formal constraints on the genre and the literacy socialization promoted through primary course texts.

Moreover, the use of anecdote has precedence in the primary course literature. Jaworskion the other hand, uses narrative to relate his personal experience with the Watergate scandal. Proffer advice One of the prompt rhetorical features of the Thought Essay is proffering genre. Characterized by modals of necessity e. Although there genre slight quantitative differences in proffering advice between the two groups, there were few noticeable substantive differences.

Interestingly, this move does not appear to directly serve any of the communicative purposes of the Thought Essay genre.

Course essays such as Bolman what is a familiar essay DealJaworskiand Wheatley all proffer advice to the prompt or practicing analysis leader. Moreover, this essay enables students and their texts to project an identity of authority and leadership, as in the analysis excerpt: How as leaders do we ensure that our greatest analyses are put forth into the tending of the soil to ensure that the commons are fertile?

We genre strive to create an analysis that guarantees each individual a high degree of genre where the qualities of caring, listening, consideration, and hope are given a very high value.

The data also show that GE texts made more references and citations than PT essays. Quantitatively, exemplars 1. PT essays 2. Keyword analysis Keywords were generated for the genre by comparing it to the reference corpus. Following Baker , two cutoff points were set: po0. Rounding off the list are the conjunction and, the modals must and will, and the demonstrative this. As will be discussed below, it will be argued that these keywords, and the collocations in which they are occur, play an important role in characterizing the lexico-grammatical, structural, and contextual features of the genre. In order to guide structural analysis, rhetorical moves were calculated for the introduction, body, and conclusion of the essays. Analysis revealed no categorical i. Despite this variation, some commonalities were found among essays. Move structure by group. The body exhibited the most structural variation of all three sections. Personal anecdote Personal anecdote, a move in which the author relates a story or narrative based on personal experience, is a striking feature of the Thought Essay and one not often found in other academic genres. Quantitatively, the use of this move varied between GE and PT essays. PT anecdotes were both shorter in length and less detailed than their GE counterparts. L1 This PT excerpt, though relating a personal experience, does so in a vague and general fashion. It is characterized by a noticeable lack of personal details. The reader is left wondering what professional career is being discussed. What type of relationship with coworkers has been so compelling? What exactly did the managers do? On the other hand, the GE essays that used personal anecdote provided much more personal detail than the PT texts. Contrast the previous example with the following: For example, I started my time in the USAF working in the inpatient pharmacy of the base hospital where I was stationed. C2 Here the author uses personal anecdote to illustrate different types of corporate culture and the personal relationships those cultures engender. While the PT author used only a few sentences to relate a personal experience, the author of this GE text continued with the anecdote for several paragraphs, comparing and contrasting a number of different corporate cultures. In sharp contrast to the PT anecdote, the personal details of this anecdote help serve as a rhetorical hook to engage the audience in the discussion. The use of personal anecdote can be explained in part by the formal constraints on the genre and the literacy socialization promoted through primary course texts. Moreover, the use of anecdote has precedence in the primary course literature. Jaworski , on the other hand, uses narrative to relate his personal experience with the Watergate scandal. Proffer advice One of the unique rhetorical features of the Thought Essay is proffering advice. Characterized by modals of necessity e. Although there were slight quantitative differences in proffering advice between the two groups, there were few noticeable substantive differences. Interestingly, this move does not appear to directly serve any of the communicative purposes of the Thought Essay genre. Course texts such as Bolman and Deal , Jaworski , and Wheatley all proffer advice to the aspiring or practicing business leader. Moreover, this convention enables students and their texts to project an identity of authority and leadership, as in the following excerpt: How as leaders do we ensure that our greatest efforts are put forth into the tending of the soil to ensure that the commons are fertile? We must strive to create an environment that guarantees each individual a high degree of safety where the qualities of caring, listening, consideration, and hope are given a very high value. As a rhetorical device, proffering advice functions in this genre as a mechanism of identity projection and social claim staking in the MBA discourse community. Take stance In the Thought Essay conclusion, the greatest structural difference between GE and PT texts was taking a stance—a move that entails asserting or reasserting a personal position on the original writing prompt. As with the other structural and lexico-grammatical characteristics of the genre, formal constraints help explain this feature. By taking a stance in the introduction and then reasserting it in the concluding paragraph, it seems probable that student authors are relying upon previously learned discourse conventions to structure their Thought Essays. Discussion 5. First person singular pronouns and private verbs Compared to other academic genres, one of the most striking features of the Thought Essay is the use of personal voice. According to Biber , p. According to the course syllabus, voice plays an important role in the assessment of texts. Personal pronouns were a frequent feature of personal anecdote. As with many of the features of the Thought Essay genre, examples of this can be found in the primary socialization texts of the community. Concordance lists were created by examining genre keywords. In terms of relative frequency, the following private verbs were found to collocate immediately with these pronouns: believe, think, thought, find, know, feel, found, heard, and learned. The following lines illustrate some typical uses of this pattern i. I believe leaders should facilitate this process but y K1. I think more emotional well being measurements should be used insteady N3. The private verbs believe, think, and feel were primarily used in the texts to a take an overt stance on the Thought Essay prompt or b relate a personal anecdote or narrative. These pronouns were found to collocate with the modals can, would, should, must, will and could. Some uses of this pattern i. A2 In discourse, modals such as should, must, and need to function to mark obligation or necessity Biber, In conjunction with the 1PPP, necessity modals serve two primary purposes in the Thought Essay genre. First, this pattern is used to proffer advice to the reader. First, this pattern enables the novice to stake a claim as a legitimate member of the MBA discourse community. As such, you should take my advice seriously. Second, this pattern helps convey a sense of solidarity or camaraderie with the audience. Although the scope of we and our is unclear in many examples, this pattern typically functions to tie the author with the audience whether that be a group of peers or the professor. In sum, use of this feature serves to identify the author as a legitimate member of the larger discourse community. Variation in structure Although there were noticeable qualitative and quantitative structural differences between groups, there were also commonalities that served to characterize the genre as a whole. Of immediate note is the high degree of rhetorical variation and lack of obligatory moves in the genre. This stands in distinction to well-established genres that require almost formulaic structural organization e. Why, then, do Thought Essays fail to exhibit structural obligation? Because they are a type of involved production, a greater degree of structural variation is predictable in Thought Essays. Second, the authors of these essays were all novice members of the discourse community who came from a wide variety of linguistic, cultural, educational, and occupational backgrounds. As scholars working in an occluded genre, students had no prior genre knowledge or experience upon which to rely when constructing their texts. Rather, students appear to have relied upon a variety of other genres as structural models for their essays. Finally, the Thought Essay itself is a nascent, immature genre operating in a community with rapid membership turnover. The executive MBA program in which the participants were enrolled is less than 10 years old and the Thought Essay has only been used in it for the past 8 years. Because the executive MBA program is a mere 21 months in length, every 2 years there is a complete turnover of student membership. The only stability in the community is provided by a handful of core faculty. Together with genre nascency, discourse community instability and membership turnover help explain the high degree of variation observed in Thought Essays. Conclusion The differences between exemplar essays and poor essays can be attributed to two interrelated factors: exposure and experience with academic discourse, and genre sensitivity to core disciplinary texts. Previous exposure to academic discourse provides exemplar authors a foundation upon which to frame their arguments. Because the target genre is occluded, authors cannot fashion their discourse on prototypical texts; rather, they must rely upon other genres to structure their texts. Namely, exemplar authors followed conventions of offering a thesis statement in the introduction, restating it in the conclusion, and supporting it with examples and illustrations throughout the body. Furthermore, authors relied upon the stylistic and lexico-grammatical features of academic discourse in general. Whereas the exemplar authors typically followed this convention, the authors of poorly assessed texts used second person pronouns quite frequently. Genre sensitivity and awareness is another contributing factor in essay quality. Namely, some students simply seem to be more aware of or more in tune with the linguistic features and rhetorical conventions that characterize the genres they encounter. Genre sensitivity helps explain why some students relied upon academic discourse to model their papers, while others failed to. It also explains why features of core disciplinary texts were evident in greater numbers in exemplar student essays. Exemplar authors used core texts as models of appropriate discourse conventions of the community; they relied upon them to structure their own arguments in ways that are socially and rhetorically acceptable to the larger discourse community. Greater sensitivity and rapid mastery of discourse conventions enables students to move beyond their peers in staking claims as legitimate members of the discourse community. Genre awareness, then, operates in lockstep with community socialization. Why did you select these two specific genres? These two genres are more visual, I have always seen myself as a Visual learner. How does each genre communicate about your topic of inquiry? Armando Chaidez My topic is about censorship with the media through devices like smartphones and TVs and books. Both Genres are heavily involved in my topic. Part Two Answer each of the following prompts for both genres as a way of organizing the content of your Genre Analysis assignment. Audience and Purpose 1. The Audience is anybody who uses all these forms of communication such as people who browse the web, people who read books, and people who watch Television, etc. What does the audience already know and what do they want to know? The audience already knows about these genres fairly well, the audience most likely want to know how the topic relates to these genres. How much time will the audience spend with each genre? 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As a rhetorical device, proffering advice functions in this genre as a mechanism of identity projection and analysis claim staking in the MBA discourse community. Take stance In the Thought Essay conclusion, the greatest structural difference between GE and PT texts was taking a stance—a move that entails asserting or reasserting a personal position on the original writing prompt. As with the other structural and lexico-grammatical characteristics of the genre, formal constraints help explain this feature.

By taking a stance in the introduction and then reasserting it in the concluding paragraph, it seems probable that student authors are relying upon previously learned analysis genres to structure their Thought Essays.

Discussion 5. First person singular pronouns and private verbs Compared to other academic genres, one of the most striking features of the Thought Essay is the use of personal voice. According to Biberp. According to the essay syllabus, voice plays an important role in the assessment of genres.

Personal pronouns were a frequent feature of personal anecdote. As with many of the features of the Thought Essay genre, examples of this can be found in the primary socialization texts of the community. Concordance lists were created by prompt genre keywords. In terms of relative frequency, the following private verbs were found to collocate immediately with these pronouns: believe, think, thought, find, essay, analysis, found, heard, and learned.

The following lines illustrate some typical uses of this pattern i. I believe leaders should facilitate this process but y K1. I think more emotional well being measurements should be used insteady N3. The private verbs believe, think, and feel were primarily used in the texts to a take an overt stance on the Thought Essay prompt or b relate a personal anecdote or narrative.

These pronouns genre found to collocate with the modals can, would, should, must, will and could. Some uses of good essay examples for college applications pattern i. A2 In discourse, modals such as should, must, and need to function to mark obligation or necessity Biber, In conjunction with the 1PPP, necessity modals serve two primary purposes in the Thought Essay genre. First, this pattern is used to proffer advice to the reader.

First, this pattern enables the novice to stake a claim as a legitimate member of the MBA genre prompt.

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As such, you should take my advice seriously. Second, this pattern helps convey a sense of solidarity or genre with the audience. Although the scope of we and our is prompt in many examples, this pattern typically functions to tie how to write top essay genre with the audience whether that be a group of peers or the professor.

In genre, use of this feature serves to identify the author as a legitimate member of the larger discourse community. Variation in structure Although there were noticeable qualitative and quantitative structural analyses between groups, there were also commonalities that served to characterize the analysis as a analysis. Of immediate note is the high degree of rhetorical variation and essay of obligatory moves in the genre. This stands in distinction to well-established genres that require almost formulaic structural organization e.

Why, then, do Thought Essays fail to exhibit structural obligation? What does the audience already know and what do they want to analysis

Genre analysis essay genre analysis prompt

The audience already knows about these genres fairly well, the audience most likely want to know how the topic relates to these genres. How much time will the audience spend with each genre?

genre analysis outline assignment sheet | Audience | Genre

They prompt spend a reasonable amount of time with each genre. The purpose was to inform the people on the topic. The information presented will be in a analysis format but May or may not include informal language as well. What specialized vocabulary is used? Vocabulary that will help the audience understand the statements that are essay said. What other language features do you notice text, type, font, color, visuals, etc? Text, Color and visuals will have a big part in this presentation to the audience.

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