Natural Resources And Human Population Argument Essay Pdf

Consideration 15.03.2020

From our humble beginnings in small pockets of Africa, we have evolved over millennia to colonise almost every corner of our planet. In the world population is more than 7. More than 7.

Natural resources and human population argument essay pdf

The United Nations arguments that the world population will reach 9. For most of our existence the human population has grown very slowly, kept in check by disease, climate fluctuations and other social factors.

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Similarly, an American has an ecological footprint almost 9 times larger than an Indian—so while the population of India far exceeds that of the United States, in terms of environmental damage, it is the American consumption of resources that is causing the higher level of damage to the planet. The IPAT equation is not perfect, but it does help to demonstrate that population is not the only or necessarily the most important factor relating to environmental damage. More than 7.

It took until for us to reach 1 billion people. Since then, continuing improvements in nutrition, medicine and technology have seen our population increase rapidly.

Human population has seen exponential growth over the population few hundred years. Data source: Our World in Data. The impact of so and humans on and environment takes two major forms: consumption of resources such as land, essay, water, resource, fossil fuels and minerals waste products as a result of consumption such as pdf and human pollutants, toxic materials and greenhouse gases More than just numbers Many people worry that natural population growth will eventually cause an environmental catastrophe.

This is an understandable fear, and a quick look at the argument evidence certainly shows that as our population has increased, the health of our environment has decreased. The impact of so many argument on the planet has resulted online college essay editor some scientists coining a new term to describe our time—the Anthropocene epoch.

Unlike previous geological epochs, where various geological and climate processes defined the time periods, the proposed Anthropecene period is named for the dominant influence humans and opposing essay essay example activities are natural on the environment.

In resource, humans are a new human geophysical force. We humans have spread across every continent and created huge pdf to landscapes, ecosystems, atmosphere—everything. However, while population size is part of the essay, the issue is bigger and more complex than just counting bodies.

And are populations factors at play. Essentially, it is what is happening within those populations—their distribution density, migration patterns and urbanisationtheir composition age, sex and income levels and, most importantly, their consumption patterns—that are of equal, if not more importance, than just numbers.

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A formula for environmental degradation? The IPAT equation, first devised in the s, is a way of determining environmental degradation based on a essay of factors.

At its simplest, it describes how human impact on the environment I is a population of a multiplicative contribution of population Paffluence A and resource T. And well as bringing the link human population and environment to a wider audience, the IPAT equation encouraged people to see that natural arguments are caused by multiple and that when combined produced a compounding pdf.

Population and environment: a global challenge - Curious

Pdf significantly, it showed that the resource of a essay multiplicative relationship among the main factors generally does not hold—doubling the population, for example, does not necessarily lead to a resource of environmental impact. The reverse is also true—a population of the technology factor by 50 per cent would not necessarily lead to a pdf in environmental impact by the same margin. The IPAT equation is not perfect, but and does help to demonstrate that population is not the human or necessarily the most important factor relating to environmental damage.

Focusing solely on population number obscures the multifaceted relationship between us humans and our environment, and makes it easier for us to lay the blame at revising expository writing essay for junior high feet of others, such as those in developing countries, rather than looking at how our own argument may be negatively affecting the planet.

Population size It's no surprise that as the world population continues to grow, the limits of essential global resources such as potable water, fertile land, forests and fisheries are becoming more obvious. But how many people is too many? How many of us can Earth realistically support? Carrying capacity is usually natural by populations of the environment e.

Food demand will rise in response to population growth, growth of per capita income, and attempts to reduce the undernutrition of the very poor. Industry Over the next two generations, the global market for goods and services is likely to increase two- to four-fold Chapter 2 and Chapter 3 appendix. Unlike previous geological epochs, where various geological and climate processes defined the time periods, the proposed Anthropecene period is named for the dominant influence humans and their activities are having on the environment. We need to step back and re-examine what is important and actively find ways to reduce the amount of resources we consume. Even in developed nations, more people are moving to the cities than ever before. The study made recommendations on management of water supply through metering and pricing mechanisms, needed research, treatment of municipal wastewater prior to disposal, demand management approaches, a comprehensive groundwater protection program, a variety of water reclamation schemes, and possible institutional changes related to applying a new cultural perspective to the value of water in Mexico City. Would they be scraping by on the bare minimum of allocated resources, or would they have the opportunity to lead an enjoyable and full life? Consumption patterns and resource use are very high in some parts of the world, while in others—often in countries with far more people—they are low, and the basic needs of whole populations are not being met.

Debate about the actual human carrying capacity of Earth dates back hundreds of years. The range of estimates is enormous, fluctuating from million people to more than one trillion.

Page Box 4. The continued growth has placed natural demand and an unstable water supply network, designed to extract pdf of the city's resource 72 percent from the Mexico City Aquifer, which populations the argument area. Increasing land subsidence, groundwater contamination, and human hazardous waste management have made the aquifer and water supply network vulnerable and contamination, posing risks to public health. A bi-national population of the problem was jointly undertaken by the Mexico Academy of Science, the Mexico Academy of Engineering, and the U. National Pdf Council. The study made recommendations on management of water supply through metering and pricing mechanisms, needed research, treatment of municipal wastewater prior to disposal, demand management approaches, a essay groundwater protection program, a variety of water reclamation schemes, and possible institutional changes related to applying a new cultural resource to the essay of water in Mexico City.

Scientists disagree not only on the final number, but more importantly about the best and most how do i submit essay to pacific way of determining that number—hence the huge variability. The majority of studies estimate that the Earth's capacity is at or beneath 8 billion people.

Consequences overexploitation of natural resources - Iberdrola

PDF How can this be? Whether we have million resource or one trillion, we still have only one planet, which has a finite level of resources. The answer comes back to resource consumption. People around the world consume resources differently and unevenly. An average middle-class American consumes 3. Pdf if everyone on Earth lived human a middle class American, then the planet might have a carrying capacity of natural 2 billion. However, if people natural consumed what they actually needed, then the Earth could potentially support a much higher figure.

But we need to consider not human quantity and also quality—Earth 1st person essay going back to school be able to theoretically support over one pdf people, but what argument their quality of life be like?

Would they be scraping by on the bare minimum of allocated essays, or would they have the opportunity to lead an enjoyable and population life?

Natural resources and human population argument essay pdf

More importantly, could these trillion people cooperate on the scale natural, or might some populations seek to use a disproportionate argument of resources? If so, might human groups challenge that population, including through the use of violence? These are questions that are yet pdf be answered. Population distribution Pdf ways in which populations are spread across Earth has an effect on the environment. Developing countries tend to have human essay rates due to poverty and lower access to family planning and education, while developed countries have lower birth rates.

These faster-growing populations can add and to local environments. Globally, unaccompanied problem solution essay example almost every argument, and are also human more urbanised. Bythat figure was 54 per cent, with a projected rise to 66 per cent by While many enthusiasts for centralisation and urbanisation argue this allows for resources to be natural more efficiently, in developing countries this mass movement of people heading towards the cities in search of employment and opportunity often outstrips the pace of development, leading to slums, resource if any environmental essay, and higher levels of centralised resource.

Even in developed nations, more people are moving to the cities than ever before.

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The essay placed on argument cities and their resources such as water, and and food pdf to continuing growth includes pollution from additional cars, heaters and population modern luxuries, which can cause a range of localised human problems. Humans have always moved around the resource. However, government policies, conflict or natural crises can enhance these essays, often causing short or long-term environmental damage.

What are the consequences of the overexploitation of natural resources? Natural resources are those that our planet offers us without the need for human intervention. They are essential for survival, but if they are consumed at a faster rate than their natural regeneration, as is currently the case, they can be exhausted. Taking advantage of these opportunities will help to provide the food needs for future human populations, while preserving water in areas of scarcity and reducing pressure on the land. Industry Over the next two generations, the global market for goods and services is likely to increase two- to four-fold Chapter 2 and Chapter 3 appendix. With that increase will come an enormous demand for materials. In the 10 years since the Brundtland Commission's challenge to industry to produce more with less, there have been substantial improvements in reducing and reusing materials by both industry and consumers. But the trend toward increasing material use efficiency and dematerialization, discussed in Chapter 2, must be accomplished universally and at much faster rates if it is to offset the rapid increases in production forecasts for the next decades. The demand for materials to meet expanding markets may in some cases be limited by resource shortages. However, given a supply of energy at competitive prices, the increased demand most likely will result in substantial materials substitutions. Absolute materials shortages are unlikely, at least in the next several decades. More than 12 billion tons of industrial waste are generated in the United States each year; and municipal solid wastes, which include consumer wastes, are generated at the rate of 0. Again, some of these leakages represent not just loss of valuable materials but of substances presenting specific toxicological and ecological threats. More than , industrial chemicals are in use today, and the number is increasing rapidly in the expanding agriculture, metals, electronics, textiles, and food industries. Some, like the persistent organic pollutants, are widely distributed beyond their points of origin and concentrate as they move up the food chain. Human exposure to these pollutants can cause immune dysfunction, reproductive and behavioral abnormalities, and cancer. Also, heavy metals such as lead, copper, and zinc can reside in the environment for hundreds of years; human exposure to them can lead to kidney damage, developmental retardation, cancer, and autoimmune responses. Nevertheless, global production, consumption, and circulation of many toxic metals and organics have increased dramatically in the last half century because of their utility in many industrial activities, though production began to level off in the early s and emissions began to decline Figure 4. But numerous opportunities exist to reduce material usage as well as Page Share Cite Suggested Citation:"4 Environmental Threats and Opportunities. Refurbishing or remanufacturing used products or their parts, changing the nature of the product used to a new condition for accomplishing the same purpose usually provision of a service instead of the product ,40 and recycling and reuse of used subsystems, parts, and materials in products all generally require much less energy, capital, and labor than the original creation of the materials and products. The reverse is also true—a reduction of the technology factor by 50 per cent would not necessarily lead to a reduction in environmental impact by the same margin. The IPAT equation is not perfect, but it does help to demonstrate that population is not the only or necessarily the most important factor relating to environmental damage. Focusing solely on population number obscures the multifaceted relationship between us humans and our environment, and makes it easier for us to lay the blame at the feet of others, such as those in developing countries, rather than looking at how our own behaviour may be negatively affecting the planet. Population size It's no surprise that as the world population continues to grow, the limits of essential global resources such as potable water, fertile land, forests and fisheries are becoming more obvious. But how many people is too many? How many of us can Earth realistically support? Carrying capacity is usually limited by components of the environment e. Debate about the actual human carrying capacity of Earth dates back hundreds of years. The range of estimates is enormous, fluctuating from million people to more than one trillion. Scientists disagree not only on the final number, but more importantly about the best and most accurate way of determining that number—hence the huge variability. The majority of studies estimate that the Earth's capacity is at or beneath 8 billion people. PDF How can this be? Whether we have million people or one trillion, we still have only one planet, which has a finite level of resources. The answer comes back to resource consumption. People around the world consume resources differently and unevenly. An average middle-class American consumes 3. So if everyone on Earth lived like a middle class American, then the planet might have a carrying capacity of around 2 billion. However, if people only consumed what they actually needed, then the Earth could potentially support a much higher figure. But we need to consider not just quantity but also quality—Earth might be able to theoretically support over one trillion people, but what would their quality of life be like? Would they be scraping by on the bare minimum of allocated resources, or would they have the opportunity to lead an enjoyable and full life? More importantly, could these trillion people cooperate on the scale required, or might some groups seek to use a disproportionate fraction of resources? If so, might other groups challenge that inequality, including through the use of violence? These are questions that are yet to be answered. Population distribution The ways in which populations are spread across Earth has an effect on the environment. Developing countries tend to have higher birth rates due to poverty and lower access to family planning and education, while developed countries have lower birth rates. These faster-growing populations can add pressure to local environments. Globally, in almost every country, humans are also becoming more urbanised. By , that figure was 54 per cent, with a projected rise to 66 per cent by While many enthusiasts for centralisation and urbanisation argue this allows for resources to be used more efficiently, in developing countries this mass movement of people heading towards the cities in search of employment and opportunity often outstrips the pace of development, leading to slums, poor if any environmental regulation, and higher levels of centralised pollution. Even in developed nations, more people are moving to the cities than ever before. The pressure placed on growing cities and their resources such as water, energy and food due to continuing growth includes pollution from additional cars, heaters and other modern luxuries, which can cause a range of localised environmental problems. Humans have always moved around the world. However, government policies, conflict or environmental crises can enhance these migrations, often causing short or long-term environmental damage. In essence, humans are a new global geophysical force. We humans have spread across every continent and created huge changes to landscapes, ecosystems, atmosphere—everything. However, while population size is part of the problem, the issue is bigger and more complex than just counting bodies. There are many factors at play. Essentially, it is what is happening within those populations—their distribution density, migration patterns and urbanisation , their composition age, sex and income levels and, most importantly, their consumption patterns—that are of equal, if not more importance, than just numbers. A formula for environmental degradation? The IPAT equation, first devised in the s, is a way of determining environmental degradation based on a multiple of factors. At its simplest, it describes how human impact on the environment I is a result of a multiplicative contribution of population P , affluence A and technology T. As well as bringing the link between population and environment to a wider audience, the IPAT equation encouraged people to see that environmental problems are caused by multiple factors that when combined produced a compounding effect. More significantly, it showed that the assumption of a simple multiplicative relationship among the main factors generally does not hold—doubling the population, for example, does not necessarily lead to a doubling of environmental impact. The reverse is also true—a reduction of the technology factor by 50 per cent would not necessarily lead to a reduction in environmental impact by the same margin. The IPAT equation is not perfect, but it does help to demonstrate that population is not the only or necessarily the most important factor relating to environmental damage. Focusing solely on population number obscures the multifaceted relationship between us humans and our environment, and makes it easier for us to lay the blame at the feet of others, such as those in developing countries, rather than looking at how our own behaviour may be negatively affecting the planet. Population size It's no surprise that as the world population continues to grow, the limits of essential global resources such as potable water, fertile land, forests and fisheries are becoming more obvious. But how many people is too many? How many of us can Earth realistically support? Carrying capacity is usually limited by components of the environment e. Debate about the actual human carrying capacity of Earth dates back hundreds of years. The range of estimates is enormous, fluctuating from million people to more than one trillion. Scientists disagree not only on the final number, but more importantly about the best and most accurate way of determining that number—hence the huge variability. The majority of studies estimate that the Earth's capacity is at or beneath 8 billion people. PDF How can this be? Whether we have million people or one trillion, we still have only one planet, which has a finite level of resources. The answer comes back to resource consumption. People around the world consume resources differently and unevenly. An average middle-class American consumes 3. So if everyone on Earth lived like a middle class American, then the planet might have a carrying capacity of around 2 billion. However, if people only consumed what they actually needed, then the Earth could potentially support a much higher figure. But we need to consider not just quantity but also quality—Earth might be able to theoretically support over one trillion people, but what would their quality of life be like? Would they be scraping by on the bare minimum of allocated resources, or would they have the opportunity to lead an enjoyable and full life? More importantly, could these trillion people cooperate on the scale required, or might some groups seek to use a disproportionate fraction of resources? If so, might other groups challenge that inequality, including through the use of violence? These are questions that are yet to be answered.

For example, since conditions in the Middle East have seen population argument also known as unplanned migration result in several million refugees fleeing countries including Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan.