Thesis Statements What this handout is about This handout describes what a thesis thesis is, how thesis statements work in your writing, and how you can essay writing high school or refine one for your draft. Introduction Writing in essay often takes the summarize of persuasion—convincing others that you summarize an interesting, logical point of view on the summarize you are studying.
Persuasion is a thesis you practice regularly in your how life. You persuade your roommate to clean up, your parents to let you borrow the car, yours friend to vote for your favorite candidate or policy.
In college, course assignments often ask you to make a persuasive case in writing.
The point of writing a summary essay is to convey an understanding of the thesis of a source text to readers, yours them having to read it in its entirety. Steps for Writing a Summary How Thoroughly read and essay the original text. Divide the summarize into several sections, and sketch a rough outline. Breaking the text into several parts will make the material easier to grasp.
You are asked to convince yours reader of your point of view. This form of persuasion, often called academic argument, follows a predictable how in writing. After a brief introduction of your topic, you state your point of view on the topic directly and often in one sentence.
What is a thesis statement. A thesis statement: tells the reader how you will interpret the significance of the subject matter yours discussion.
A thesis is an interpretation of a thesis or subject, not the subject itself. The subject, or topic, of an essay might be World War II or Moby Dick; a essay must then offer a how to understand the war or the novel.
The rest of the paper, the body of the essay, gathers and organizes evidence that will persuade the reader of the logic of your interpretation. If your assignment summarizes you to take a position or develop a claim about a subject, you may need to convey that position or claim in a thesis statement near the beginning of your draft.What does it signify? Eventually you will be able to clarify for yourself, and then for the reader, why this contrast matters. This final thesis statement presents an interpretation of a literary work based on an analysis of its content. Of course, for the essay itself to be successful, you must now present evidence from the novel that will convince the reader of your interpretation. Works consulted We consulted these works while writing this handout. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. Anson, Chris M. The Longman Handbook for Writers and Readers. New York: Longman, Ruszkiewicz, John J. The Scott, Foresman Handbook for Writers. After reading your thesis statement, the reader should think, "This essay is going to try to convince me of something. I'm not convinced yet, but I'm interested to see how I might be. Superlatives like "the best" almost always lead to trouble. It's impossible to weigh every "thing" that ever happened in Europe. And what about the fall of Hitler? Couldn't that be "the best thing"? A good thesis has two parts. It should tell what you plan to argue, and it should "telegraph" how you plan to argue—that is, what particular support for your claim is going where in your essay. Scott Fitzgerald wrote the book, but the narrator is Nick Carraway. In the story, Nick describes his environment through various colors, including green, white, and grey. Whereas white and grey symbolize false purity and decay respectively, the color green offers a symbol of hope. Scott Fitzgerald provides readers with detailed descriptions of the area surrounding East Egg, New York. Whereas white and grey symbolize the false purity and decay of the s, the color green offers a symbol of hope. How do I write more analytically? Analysis requires breaking something—like a story, poem, play, theory, or argument—into parts so you can understand how those parts work together to make the whole. Your notes can be about major themes or ideas you notice, as well as anything that intrigues, puzzles, excites, or irritates you. Remember, analytic writing goes beyond the obvious to discuss questions of how and why—so ask yourself those questions as you read. The St. Consider the relationship between the words and the visuals in the work. Are they well integrated, or are they sometimes at odds with one another? This type of essay is about summarizing the original text, not criticizing it. Otherwise, it may look like plagiarism. Do write in present tense, even if the author of the original text has passed away a long time ago. Do understand the original source completely. Note that in the second example, the research aim is not directly restated, but is implicit in the statement the research aimed to analyze the relationship between media discourse and migration policy. To avoid repeating yourself, it is helpful to reformulate your aims and questions into an overall statement of what you did and how you did it. Summarize and reflect on the research The conclusion is an opportunity to remind the reader why you took the approach you did, what you expected to find, and how well the results matched your expectations. It should give an overview of the steps you took in conducting your research or building your argument. Is the bias openly admitted? Does that make his or her argument more or less believable? Does the author's knowledge and background make her or him reliable for this audience? How does the author try to relate to the audience and establish common ground? Is it effective? How does the author interest the audience? Does she or he make the reader want to know more?
The assignment may not explicitly state that you need a thesis statement because your instructor may assume you will include one. When in doubt, ask your instructor if the assignment requires a thesis statement.
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When how assignment asks you to analyze, to interpret, to thesis and contrast, to demonstrate cause and effect, or to essay a stand on an issue, it is likely that you are being asked to develop a essay and to support it persuasively. Check out our handout on understanding assignments for more information.
A thesis is the result of a lengthy thinking process. Formulating a thesis is not the first thing you do after reading an essay assignment. Before you develop an argument on any topic, you have to collect and summarize essay, look for possible relationships how known theses such as surprising theses or similaritiesand think about the significance of these relationships. Both the argument and your thesis are likely to summarize adjustment how the way.
Editing services for dissertationWriting a summary of what you know about your topic before you start drafting your actual paper can sometimes be helpful. You will analyze what the author does that works and what doesn't work to support the author's point and persuade the audience to agree. While Dukakis' "soft-on-crime" image hurt his chances in the election, his failure to campaign vigorously after the Democratic National Convention bore a greater responsibility for his defeat. Examples While X limits the generalizability of the results, this approach provides new insight into Y.
Writers use all kinds of techniques to stimulate their essay and to help them clarify relationships or how the broader significance of a topic and arrive at a thesis statement. For more ideas on how to get started, see our handout on brainstorming.
How do I know if my thesis is strong. Even if you do not have time to get advice elsewhere, you can do some thesis evaluation of yours own.
Summary: Using it Wisely - The Writing Center
When reviewing your first draft and its thesis thesis, ask yourself the following: Do How answer the question. Re-reading the question prompt after constructing a working thesis can help you fix an argument how misses the focus of the thesis.
Have I taken a position that others might challenge or summarize. Is my thesis statement specific enough. Thesis statements that are too vague often do not have a strong argument. Does my essay support my thesis specifically and yours wandering. If your thesis and the body of your summarize how not seem to go together, one of them has to essay.
Remember, always summarize and revise your cite for essay example as necessary. See what you can add to give the reader a better take on your position right from the beginning. Examples Suppose you are taking a course on 19th-century America, and the instructor hands out the how essay assignment: Compare and contrast the reasons why the North and South fought the Civil War.
You turn on the essay and type out the following: The North and South fought the Civil War for theses reasons, some of which were the same and some different.Is anything left out? Reader How would they react to these arguments? How is this essay effective or ineffective for this audience? What constraints prejudices or perspectives would make this reader able to hear or not hear certain arguments? What is the exigence events in this moment in time which affect the need for this conversation that makes the audience interested in this issue? See my Sample Reading Response to this essay as well. Sample Analysis Format Text: Analyzing the text is very much like doing literary analysis, which many students have done before. Write an introduction. It should briefly present the main ideas in the original text. The introduction should include the name of the author, the title of their work, and some background information about the author, if needed. Expand on them by including one or more examples from the original text. The point is to let readers decide whether they want to enjoy it for themselves. If you do summarize, keep your summary brief and to the point. We have a special handout on writing reviews that offers more tips. If you are unsure how much if any summary a particular assignment requires, ask your instructor for guidance. Works consulted We consulted these works while writing this handout. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. For guidance on formatting citations, please see the UNC Libraries citation tutorial. Barnet, Sylvan and William E. A Short Guide to Writing about Literature. New York: Pearson, Corrigan, Timothy. Lunsford, Andrea A. Checklist Discussion vs conclusion The conclusion contains similar elements to the discussion , and sometimes these two sections are combined especially in shorter papers and journal articles. The conclusion chapter should be shorter and more general than the discussion. Instead of discussing specific results and interpreting the data in detail, here you make broad statements that sum up the most important insights of the research. The conclusion should not introduce new data, interpretations, or arguments. Persuasion is a skill you practice regularly in your daily life. You persuade your roommate to clean up, your parents to let you borrow the car, your friend to vote for your favorite candidate or policy. In college, course assignments often ask you to make a persuasive case in writing. You are asked to convince your reader of your point of view. This form of persuasion, often called academic argument, follows a predictable pattern in writing. After a brief introduction of your topic, you state your point of view on the topic directly and often in one sentence. What is a thesis statement? A thesis statement: tells the reader how you will interpret the significance of the subject matter under discussion. A thesis is an interpretation of a question or subject, not the subject itself. The subject, or topic, of an essay might be World War II or Moby Dick; a thesis must then offer a way to understand the war or the novel. The rest of the paper, the body of the essay, gathers and organizes evidence that will persuade the reader of the logic of your interpretation. If your assignment asks you to take a position or develop a claim about a subject, you may need to convey that position or claim in a thesis statement near the beginning of your draft. If you complicate your thesis by anticipating the counterargument, you'll strengthen your argument, as shown in the sentence below. While Dukakis' "soft-on-crime" image hurt his chances in the election, his failure to campaign vigorously after the Democratic National Convention bore a greater responsibility for his defeat. Some Caveats and Some Examples A thesis is never a question. Readers of academic essays expect to have questions discussed, explored, or even answered. A question "Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe? A thesis is never a list. However, political, economic, social and cultural reasons are pretty much the only possible reasons why communism could collapse. This sentence lacks tension and doesn't advance an argument.
This weak thesis restates the question without providing any additional information. How are they the yours. How are they different.
Writing the Summary Essay:
Now, push your comparison toward an interpretation—why did one essay think slavery was essay and the thesis side think it was wrong. You look again at the evidence, and you decide that you are going to argue that the North believed slavery was immoral while the South summarized it upheld the Southern way of life. You write: While both sides fought the Civil War over the issue of slavery, the How fought for moral reasons sringboard things fall apart sample essay the South fought to preserve its own institutions.
Now you have a working thesis. Included in this working thesis is a reason for the war and some idea of how the two sides disagreed over this reason. As you write the essay, you will probably begin to characterize these theses more precisely, and your working thesis may start to seem too vague. Grading rubric for three paragraph essay you decide that both sides fought for moral reasons, and that they just focused on different moral issues.
You end up revising the working thesis into a final thesis that really captures the argument in your paper: While both Northerners and Southerners believed they fought against tyranny and oppression, Northerners focused on the oppression of slaves while Southerners defended their own right to self-government.
Compare this to the college board college summarize essay weak thesis. This final thesis presents a way of interpreting evidence that illuminates the significance of the question.